The good news, there are some very tangible lifestyle changes that men can make to improve their sperm health and overall fertility. It is generally known that most men produce millions of new sperm every day. You also might not realize that when sperm are initially formed within the testicles, they lack the ability to swim forward or fertilize an egg until they make their way through the reproductive tract. Sperm are living cells within the male body and are subject to whatever conditions the rest of the body is exposed to throughout their development cycle. Extreme temperatures, smoking, drug use, and poor diet can all impact the quality of sperm. For this reason, men looking to increase the chances of conception should consider making healthful lifestyle changes.
Male Reproductive System
The Lifecycle of Sperm: Sperm Development
Getting to grips with the numbers behind the man's part of the reproductive system. Although I'm a biologist, I rarely think much about what the cloudy white stuff contains, but in fact semen is far more complex than my endearing childhood image of mini tadpoles swimming around in thin wallpaper paste. There are many features of human semen that are very familiar to most people, but their importance isn't appreciated. For a start, the ejaculate isn't of a uniform consistency. As the man ejaculates, the first 'spurt' contains far more sperm than subsequent spurts. This is why the withdrawal method of contraception is so dangerous. If the man is only a split second too late then the most potent portion of semen ends up exactly where he or his partner doesn't want it.
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Ejaculation , the release of sperm cells and seminal plasma from the male reproductive system. Ejaculation takes place in two phases: in the first, or emission, stage, sperm are moved from the testes and the epididymis where the sperm are stored to the beginning of the urethra , a hollow tube running through the penis that transports either sperm or urine; in the second stage, ejaculation proper, the semen is moved through the urethra and expelled from the body. Sperm cells that are stored in the male body are not capable of self-movement because of the acidity of the accompanying fluids. When the sperm receive fluids, called seminal plasma , from the various internal accessory organs prostate gland , ejaculatory ducts , seminal vesicles , and bulbourethral glands , the acidity decreases.
The world's oldest new dad, who, at the reported age of 96, just fathered a baby boy in India, says he's done having kids. But if he wanted to break his record again in a couple years, would biology allow it? Though sperm production does usually keep up until a man's dying day, it's a misconception that "biological clocks" are only of concern to women. The effects of aging on fertility have been studied far less in men than in women, but research shows that both volume and quality of semen generally fall off as a man gets older. A study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology found that, among a sample of couples using in vitro fertilization, every additional year of a man's age corresponded to an percent increase in the odds that a couple would not achieve a pregnancy.