Supratochlear and supraorbital veins from the scalp unite near the medial angle of the eye to form the angular vein. It passes downwards and backwards and becomes the facial vein. It passes behind the facial artery. It crosses the anteroinferior angle of the masseter muscle.
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The facial vein usually unites with the anterior branch of the retromandibular vein to form the common facial vein , which crosses the external carotid artery and enters the internal jugular vein at a variable point below the hyoid bone. From near its termination a communicating branch often runs down the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoideus to join the lower part of the anterior jugular vein. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Common facial vein Veins of the head and neck. Veins of the head and neck. Anatomy portal.
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The superficial veins, especially the external jugular vein EJV , are increasingly being utilized for cannulation to conduct diagnostic procedures or intravenous therapies. Ultrasound-guided venipuncture is a viable possibility in cases of variations in the patterns of superficial veins, and their knowledge is also important for surgeons doing reconstructive surgery. This study was done on 89 dissected adult cadavers sides and variations in patterns of termination of the facial vein FV into the EJV were studied. Type II showed an inverted A-shaped pattern 2 cases,